All about us
|Distribution:||US National parks/reserves|
|Habitat:||Grassland and meadow|
|Height:||Up to 195 cm at the shoulder|
|Weight:||545 to 818 kg|
|Gestation Period:||9 - 10 months|
|Threats:||Overhunting in the 19th century resulted in near extinction|
Scientific name: B. bison
Adult females live with their young in herds of around 60 individuals which are led by a dominant female. North American bison are primarily grazers and they will forage primarily on open grassland. Grasses and sedges form the mainstay of their annual diet however they will also eat flowering plants, woody plant leaves and lichens depending on the availability.
They have a long shaggy dark brown coat on their shoulders, neck and front legs. The hair on the remainder of their body is considerably shorter and lighter. Calves are born a light reddish brown colour but this will generally darken by six months of age.