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Red Panda

Ailurus fulgens

  1. Not Evaluated
  2. Data Deficient
  3. Least Concern
  4. Near Threatened
  5. Vulnerable
  6. Endangered
  7. Critically Endangered
  8. Extinct in the Wild
  9. Extinct

About Us

Woburn Safari Park is home to red panda!

The word ‘panda’ is derived from the Nepalese word ‘ponyo’ meaning Bamboo or plant eater. Although their favourite food is bamboo, these animals are not strictly herbivores and will also eat insects, eggs and sometimes even birds!

Distribution
From Nepal all the way through into central China, living in the high mountain ranges of the Himalayas.
Habitat
Temperate forests in the foot hills of mountains
Height
Up to 29cm shoulder height and 95cm in length including tail
Weight
4.5 – 5.5KG
Gestation Period
135 days
Sexual Maturity
18 – 20 months old
Lifespan
8 – 10 years in the wild, 15 – 20 years in captivity
Threats
Habitat loss and illegal killing.

Social Structure

Red panda are solitary except during the breeding season. In captivity, most breeding pairs live together year-round. In the wild, the home range of one animal is about one square mile.

 

Diet

Primarily bamboo but if they need to they will also eat berries, blossoms and fruit. They will even eat insects and bird eggs!

Physical Features

Red panda are a bit bigger than an average domestic cat and are often referred to as bamboo or fire cats! They have thick fur to deal with the harsh weathers they may face in the wild and all red panda have very distinctive stripy long tails which act like a scarf to keep them warm.

Breeding Behaviour

Breeding season is in late autumn through winter. The gestation period is about four months. Baby red panda are born in an average litter size of one to four babies.

Red panda build a nest or use hollow tree trunks or small caves to give birth to their newborn. The mother red panda takes care of her cubs until they reach adulthood when the next mating season begins.

Communication

Red panda communicate using body language (such as head bobbing and tail arching) and a variety of noises, such as a threatening “huff-quack”, squeals, twitters and a warning whistle.

Threats and Conservation

The IUCN has listed Red panda as ‘Endangered’ with less than 10,000 individuals in the wild, although this figure may be much smaller. Unfortunately, they suffer from habitat loss and illegal killing and as a result individuals live in very small ‘subpopulations’, meaning the future could result in poor gene pools out in the wild from inbreeding.

Luckily, red panda have a well-managed global programme and they have plans for the future in how to improve the population.

Fun Facts

The red panda family are classed as carnivores but mainly eat vegetation. They are classified as carnivores due to their jaws, feet and teeth.

The red panda spends most of its life in the trees. They move slowly and carefully on the ground.

Red panda have a modified wrist bone that acts like a thumb to help them grasp bamboo – Giant pandas have these too! When descending a tree head-first, the red panda rotates its ankle to control its descent, one of the few climbing species to do so.

Male red panda have a scent gland at the base of their tails which they will use to help mark their territory.

Red panda can taste artificial sweeteners, such as aspartame, and are the only non-primates known to be able to do so.